Roman Polianskyi is a Ukrainian para-rower. He is the 2016 and 2020 Summer Paralympics gold medalist in men’s single sculls.
Explore Roman Polianskyi Wiki Age, Height, Biography as Wikipedia, Wife, Family relation. There is no question Roman Polianskyi is the most famous & most loved celebrity of all the time. You can find out how much net worth Roman has this year and how he spent his expenses. Also find out how he got rich at the age of 35. He has a pure loving kind heart personality. Scroll Down and find everything about him.
|Date of Birth||September 1, 1986|
|Birth Day||September 1|
|Age||35 years old|
|Birth Place||Khanzhenkovo, Ukraine|
|Also Known for||Rower|
Famously known by the Family name Roman Polianskyi, is a great Rower. He was born on September 1, 1986, in Khanzhenkovo, Ukraine.Khanzhenkovo is a beautiful and populous city located in Khanzhenkovo, Ukraine Ukraine.
Roman Polianskyi Early Life Story, Family Background and Education
Polianskyi is originally from the village Khanzhenkovo near Makiivka in the Donetsk Province of Ukraine. He started doing sports at the age of four, at the urging of his father. Polianskyi started experiencing symptoms of Strumpell disease at the age of ten. He moved to Odessa in spring 2014, at the start of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine.
Polianskyi was training in rowing for two years prior to the 2016 Rio Paralymic Games. During that time he trained with coach Yuri Bondarenko in Dnipro.
When Polianskyi was 18, his father died from a mining accident; his mother died two years later. Polianskyi has a younger sister.
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Roman Polianskyi Net Worth
Roman Polianskyi has a net worth of $5.00 million (Estimated) which he earned from his occupation as Rower. Popularly known as the Rower of Ukraine. He is seen as one of the most successful Rower of all times. Roman Polianskyi Net Worth & Basic source of earning is being a successful Ukrainian Rower.
Roman entered the career as Rower In his early life after completing his formal education..
|Estimated Net Worth in 2022||$1 Million to $5 Million Approx|
|Previous Year’s Net Worth (2021)||Being Updated|
|Salary in 2021||Not Available|
|Annual Salary||Being Updated|
|Cars Info||Not Available|
Born on September 1, 1986, the Rower Roman Polianskyi is arguably the world’s most influential social media star. Roman is an ideal celebrity influencer. With his large number of social media fans, he often posts many personal photos and videos to interact with his huge fan base on social media platforms. Personal touch and engage with his followers. You can scroll down for information about his Social media profiles.
|Wikipedia||Roman Polianskyi Wikipedia|
Life Story & Timeline
In February 2020, Polanski won Best Director at France’s 2020 Cesar Awards. Neither Polanski nor the cast and crew of An Officer and a Spy (J’accuse) attended the awards ceremony hosted at the Salle Pleyel in Paris. Polanski said that he will not submit himself to a “public lynching” over rape accusations he denies. Addressing the accusations of sexual assault leveled at him, he said, “Fantasies of unhealthy minds are now treated as proven facts.” This is Polanski’s fifth Best Director Cesar win, the record for a single director; he previously won for Tess, The Pianist, The Ghost Writer, and Venus in Fur.
It had its world premiere at the Venice Film Festival on 30 August 2019. It received a standing ovation and won the Grand Jury Prize. It is scheduled to be released in France on 13 November 2019, by Gaumont. The film has received backlash due to the plot of the film relating to Polanski’s sexual abuse case and further accusations of harassment and assault.
In late December 2019, in Polanski’s interviews with Paris Match and Gazeta Wyborcza, the latter accused Matan Uziel of carefully orchestrating the attacks on his character and for playing a major role in designing an international campaign to besmirch his name and reputation in order to make his career fall from grace.
In November 2019, a French actress named Valentine Monnier said Polanski violently raped her at a ski chalet in Gstaad in 1975.
Polanski’s next film, An Officer and a Spy, centers on the notorious 19th century Dreyfus affair, The film stars Jean Dujardin as French officer Georges Picquart and follows his struggle from 1896-1906 to expose the truth about the doctored evidence that led to Alfred Dreyfus, one of the few Jewish members of the French Army’s general staff, being wrongly convicted of passing military secrets to the German Empire and sent to Devil’s Island. The film is written by Robert Harris, who is working with Polanski for the third time. It co-stars Louis Garrel as Dreyfus, Mathieu Amalric, Olivier Gourmet and Polanski’s wife Emmanuelle Seigner. It is being produced by Alain Goldman’s Legende Films and distributed by Gaumont. Filming began on 26 November 2018 and was completed on 28 April 2019.
On 3 May 2018, Polanski was removed from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, with the decision referencing the case.
Polanski’s Based on a True Story is an adaptation of the French novel by bestselling author Delphine de Vignan. The film follows a writer (Emmanuelle Seigner) struggling to complete a new novel, while followed by an obsessed fan (Eva Green). It started production in November 2016 from a script adapted by Polanski and Olivier Assayas. It premiered out of competition at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival on 27 May 2017 and opened in France on 1 November 2017.
In December 2017, Polanski filed a ₪1.5 million suit in Herzliya Magistrates’ Court against Israeli journalist and filmmaker Matan Uziel. Polanski maintained that Uziel, through his website, www.imetpolanski.com, falsely reported that five women had come forward to accuse him of raping them. Polanski was suing for libel and defamation of character. Herzliya Magistrates’ Court rejected Polanski’s request to be exempt from appearing in court after filing the libel suit. While Polanski gave various reasons for his inability to appear, the presiding judge, Gilad Hess, dismissed these one by one and ordered Polanski to pay Uziel ₪10,000 in costs. In November 2018, it was published that Polanski decided to drop the lawsuit, and was ordered by the court to pay Uziel ₪30,000 (US$8,000) for court costs. The court accepted Uziel’s request that the suit not be dropped, but rather that it be rejected, making Polanski unable to sue Uziel again over the same issue in the future.
In October 2017, a woman named Renate Langer interviewed by Swiss police said Polanski raped her in Gstaad when she was 15, in 1972. That same month, Marianne Barnard accused Polanski of having assaulted her in 1975, when she was 10 years old.
On 30 October 2015, Polish judge Dariusz Mazur denied a request by the United States to extradite Polanski (a dual French-Polish citizen) for a full trial, claiming that it would be “obviously unlawful”. The Kraków prosecutor’s office declined to challenge the court’s ruling, agreeing that Polanski had served his punishment and did not need to face a U.S. court again. Poland’s national justice ministry took up the appeal, arguing that sexual abuse of minors should be prosecuted regardless of the suspect’s accomplishments or the length of time since the suspected crime took place. In a December 2016 decision, the Supreme Court of Poland dismissed the government’s appeal, holding that the prosecutor general had failed to prove misconduct or flagrant legal error on the part of the lower court.
Movies were becoming an absolute obsession with me. I was enthralled by everything connected with the cinema—not just the movies themselves but the aura that surrounded them. I loved the luminous rectangle of the screen, the sight of the beam slicing through the darkness from the projection booth, the miraculous synchronization of sound and vision, even the dusty smell of the tip-up seats. More than anything else though, I was fascinated by the actual mechanics of the process.
Although set in Paris, the film was first scheduled to shoot in Warsaw in 2014, for economic reasons. However, production was postponed after Polanski moved to Poland for filming and the U.S. Government filed extradition papers. The Polish government eventually rejected them, by which time new French film tax credits had been introduced, allowing the film to shoot on location in Paris. It was budgeted at €60m and was again set to start production in July 2016, however its production was postponed as Polanski waited on the availability of a star, whose name was not announced. In a 2017 interview Polanski discussed the difficulty of the project:
In January 2014, newly uncovered emails from 2008 by a Los Angeles County Superior Court Judge, Larry P. Fidler, indicated that if Polanski returned to the United States for a hearing, the conduct of the judge who had originally presided over the case, Laurence A. Rittenband, might require that Polanski be freed. These emails were related to a 2008 documentary film by Marina Zenovich. In late October 2014, Polanski was questioned by prosecutors in Kraków.
Polanski’s French-language adaptation of the award-winning play Venus in Fur, stars his wife Emmanuelle Seigner and Mathieu Amalric. Polanski worked with the play’s author, David Ives, on the screenplay. The film was shot from December 2012 to February 2013 in French and is Polanski’s first non-English-language feature film in forty years. The film premiered in competition at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival on 25 May 2013.
Polanski shot Carnage in February/March 2011. The film is a screen version of Yasmina Reza’s play God of Carnage, a comedy about two couples who meet after their children get in a fight at school, and how their initially civilized conversation devolves into chaos. It stars Kate Winslet, Jodie Foster, Christoph Waltz and John C. Reilly. Though set in New York, it was shot in Paris. The film had its world premiere on 9 September 2011 at the Venice Film Festival and was released in the United States by Sony Pictures Classics on 16 December 2011.
During a television interview on 10 March 2011, Geimer blamed the media, reporters, the court, and the judge for having caused “way more damage to me and my family than anything Roman Polanski has ever done”, and opined that the judge was using her and Polanski for the media exposure.
In September 2011, the documentary film Roman Polanski: A Film Memoir had its world premiere in Zürich, Switzerland. During an interview in the film, he offers his apology to Geimer: “She is a double victim: My victim, and a victim of the press.” On this occasion, he collected the lifetime achievement award he was to have received at the time of his arrest two years earlier.
The Ghost Writer, a thriller focusing on a ghostwriter working on the memoirs of a character based loosely on former British prime minister Tony Blair, swept the European Film Awards in 2010, winning six awards, including best movie, director, actor and screenplay. When it premiered at the 60th Berlinale in February 2010, Polanski won a Silver Bear for Best Director, and in February 2011, it won four César Awards, France’s version of the Academy Awards.
In the United States, film critic Roger Ebert included it in his top 10 pick for 2010, and states that “this movie is the work of a man who knows how to direct a thriller. Smooth, calm, confident, it builds suspense instead of depending on shock and action.” Co-star Ewan McGregor agrees, saying about Polanski that “he’s a legend … I’ve never examined a director and the way that they work, so much before. He’s brilliant, just brilliant, and absolutely warrants his reputation as a great director.”
Polanski was jailed near Zürich for two months, then put under house arrest at his home in Gstaad while awaiting decision of appeals fighting extradition. On 12 July 2010, the Swiss rejected the United States’ request, declared Polanski a “free man” and released him from custody. As of February 2020, he remains the subject of an Interpol red notice issued in 1978 after he fled the United States, limiting his movements to France, Switzerland, and Poland.
In 2010, British actress Charlotte Lewis said that Polanski had “forced himself” on her while she was auditioning for a role in Paris in 1983, when she was 16. In 1999, Lewis had given a very different account of events in an interview with the UK’s News of the World, which was unearthed by the French daily Libération. In that interview, Lewis asserted that she had a six-month tryst with Polanski when she was 17: “I knew that Roman had done something bad in the United States, but I wanted to be his mistress,” Lewis said, according to Liberation. “I wanted him probably more than he wanted me.” In addition, Lewis never mentioned any sexual abuse, and she said that their relationship ended when Polanski introduced her to Warren Beatty, and she claimed that they soon began an affair. Furthermore, she was cast in Polanski’s 1986 film Pirates, appeared at the Cannes film festival on his arm years after the alleged incident, and in an interview the year of the film’s release, Lewis stated, “I’d love to have had a romantic relationship with [Polanski], and a physical one. You can’t help falling in love with him. But he didn’t want me that way.”
On 26 September 2009, Polanski was arrested while in Switzerland at the request of United States authorities. The arrest brought renewed attention to the case and stirred controversy, particularly in the United States and Europe. Polanski was defended by many prominent individuals, including Hollywood celebrities and European artists and politicians, who called for his release. American public opinion was reported to run against him, and polls in France and Poland showed that strong majorities favored his extradition to the United States.
In December 2009, a California appellate court discussed the film’s allegations as it denied Polanski’s request to have the case dismissed. While saying it was “deeply concerned” by the allegations, and that the allegations were “in many cases supported by considerable evidence”, it also found that “Even in light of our fundamental concern about the misconduct … flight was not Polanski’s only option. It was not even his best option.” It said dismissal of the case, which would erase Polanski’s guilty plea, would not be an “appropriate result”, and that he still had other legal options.
In 2008, the documentary film by Marina Zenovich, Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired, was released in Europe and the United States where it won numerous awards. The film focuses on the judge in the case and the possible reasons why he changed his mind. It includes interviews with people involved in the case, including the victim, Geimer, and the prosecutor, Roger Gunson. Geimer said that the judge “didn’t care what happened” to her or Polanski, but “was orchestrating some little show”, while Gunson added, “I’m not surprised that Polanski left under those circumstances, … it was going to be a real circus.”
The film is based on a novel by British writer Robert Harris. Harris and Polanski had previously worked for many months on a film of Harris’s earlier novel Pompeii, a novel that was actually inspired by Polanski’s Chinatown. They had completed a script for Pompeii and were nearing production when the film was cancelled due to a looming actors’ strike in September 2007. After that film fell apart, they moved on to Harris’s novel, The Ghost, and adapted it for the screen together.
In 2004, Polanski sued Vanity Fair magazine in London for libel. A 2002 article in the magazine claimed that Polanski promised he would “make another Sharon Tate out of you” in an attempt to seduce a Scandinavian model while he was travelling to Tate’s funeral. He received supporting testimony from Mia Farrow, and Vanity Fair “was unable to prove that the incident occurred”. Polanski was awarded £50,000 in damages plus some of his legal costs.
His father was transferred, along with thousands of other Jews, to Mauthausen, a group of 49 German concentration camps in Austria. His mother was taken to Auschwitz, and was killed soon after arriving. The forced exodus took place immediately after the German liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto, a true-life backdrop to Polanski’s film The Pianist (2002). Polanski, who was then hiding from the Germans, remembered seeing his father being marched off with a long line of people. Polanski tried getting closer to his father to ask him what was happening, and managed to get within a few yards. His father saw him, but afraid his son might be spotted by the German soldiers, whispered (in Polish), “Get lost!”
When Warsaw, Poland, was chosen for the 2002 premiere of The Pianist, “the country exploded with pride.” According to reports, numerous former communists came to the screening and “agreed that it was a fantastic film.”
In May 2002, the film won the Palme d’Or (Golden Palm) award at the Cannes Film Festival, as well as Césars for Best Film and Best Director, and later the 2002 Academy Award for Best Director. Because Polanski would have been arrested in the United States, he did not attend the Academy Awards ceremony in Hollywood. After the announcement of the Best Director Award, Polanski received a standing ovation from most of those present in the theater. Actor Harrison Ford accepted the award for Polanski, and then presented the Oscar to him at the Deauville Film Festival five months later in a public ceremony. Polanski later received the Crystal Globe award for outstanding artistic contribution to world cinema at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival in 2004.
In 2001, Polanski filmed The Pianist, an adaptation of the World War II autobiography of the same name by Polish-Jewish musician Władysław Szpilman. Szpilman’s experiences as a persecuted Jew in Poland during World War II were reminiscent of those of Polanski and his family. While Szpilman and Polanski escaped the concentration camps, their families did not, eventually perishing.
Polanski has blamed Harvey Weinstein for the renewed focus on his sexual abuse case in the 2000s, and claimed that Weinstein tried to brand him a “child rapist” to stop him from winning an Oscar in 2003.
On 11 March 1998, Polanski was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts.
In 1997, Polanski directed a stage version of his 1967 film The Fearless Vampire Killers, which debuted in Vienna followed by successful runs in Stuttgart, Hamburg, Berlin, and Budapest.
In 1994 Polanski directed a film of the acclaimed play Death and the Maiden.
In 1992 Polanski followed with the dark psycho-sexual film Bitter Moon.
It was nominated for 11 Academy Awards, including those for actors Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway. Robert Towne won for Best Original Screenplay. It also had actor-director John Huston in a supporting role, and was the last film Polanski directed in the United States. In 1991, the film was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being “culturally, historically or aesthetically significant” and it is frequently listed as among the best in world cinema.
In 1989, Polanski married his current wife, French actress Emmanuelle Seigner. They have two children, daughter Morgane and son Elvis. Polanski and his children speak Polish at home. In 2018, Emmanuelle Seigner rejected the invitation to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, denouncing the “hypocrisy” of a group that expelled her husband Roman Polanski.
Frantic (1988) was a Hitchcockian suspense-thriller starring Harrison Ford and the actress/model Emmanuelle Seigner, who later became Polanski’s wife. The film follows an ordinary tourist in Paris whose wife is kidnapped. He attempts, hopelessly, to go through the Byzantine bureaucratic channels to deal with her disappearance, but finally takes matters into his own hands.
In 1988, Gailey sued Polanski. Among other things, the suit alleged sexual assault, false imprisonment, seduction of a minor, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. In 1993, Polanski agreed to settle with his victim. In August 1996, Polanski still owed her $604,416; court filings confirm that the settlement was completed by 1997 via a confidential financial arrangement. The victim, now married and going by the name Samantha Geimer, stated in a 2003 interview with Larry King that the police and media had been slow at the time of the assault to believe her account, which she attributed to the social climate of the era. In 2008, she stated, “I don’t wish for him to be held to further punishment or consequences.”
In 1981, Polanski directed and co-starred (as Mozart) in a stage production of Peter Shaffer’s play Amadeus, first in Warsaw, then in Paris. The play was again directed by Polanski, in Milan, in 1999.
In Europe, Polanski continued to make films, including Tess (1979), starring Nastassja Kinski. It won France’s César Awards for Best Picture and Best Director, and received three Oscars. He later produced and directed The Pianist (2002), a drama about a Polish-Jewish musician escaping Nazi persecution, starring Adrien Brody and Emilia Fox. The film won three Academy Awards including Best Director, along with numerous international awards. He also directed Oliver Twist (2005), a story which parallels his own life as a “young boy attempting to triumph over adversity”. He was awarded Best Director for The Ghost Writer (2010) at the 23rd European Film Awards. He also received Best Screenwriter nomination at the aforementioned awards for Carnage (2011). In 2018, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences voted to expel Polanski from its membership.
He dedicated his next film, Tess (1979), to the memory of his late wife, Sharon Tate. It was Tate who first suggested he read Tess of the d’Urbervilles, which she thought would make a good film; he subsequently expected her to star in it. Nearly a decade after Tate’s death, he met Nastassja Kinski, a model and aspiring young actress who had already been in a number of European films. He offered her the starring role, which she accepted. Her father was Klaus Kinski, a leading German actor, who had introduced her to films.
In 1978, Polanski became a fugitive from American justice and could no longer work in countries where he might face arrest or extradition.
Polanski was told by his attorney that “the judge could no longer be trusted” and that the judge’s representations were “worthless”. Polanski decided not to appear at his sentencing. He told his friend, director Dino De Laurentis, “I’ve made up my mind. I’m getting out of here.” On 31 January 1978, the day before sentencing, Polanski left the country on a flight to London, where he had a home. One day later, he left for France. As a French citizen, he has been protected from extradition and has lived mostly in France since then. Since he fled the United States before final sentencing, the charges are still pending.
On 11 March 1977, three years after making Chinatown, Polanski was arrested at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel for the sexual assault of 13-year-old Samantha Gailey. Gailey had modeled for Polanski during a Vogue photoshoot the previous day around the swimming pool at the Bel Air home of Jack Nicholson. Polanski was indicted on six counts of criminal behavior, including rape. At his arraignment, he pleaded not guilty to all charges. Many executives in Hollywood came to his defense. Gailey’s attorney arranged a plea bargain in which five of the six charges would be dismissed, and Polanski accepted.
Polanski returned to Paris for his next film, The Tenant (1976), which was based on a 1964 novel by Roland Topor, a French writer of Polish-Jewish origin. In addition to directing the film, Polanski also played a leading role of a timid Polish immigrant living in Paris. Together with Repulsion and Rosemary’s Baby, The Tenant can be seen as the third installment in a loose trilogy of films called the “Apartment Trilogy” that explore the themes of social alienation and psychic and emotional breakdown.
Written by Polanski and previous collaborator Gérard Brach, What? (1973) is a mordant absurdist comedy loosely based on the themes of Alice in Wonderland and Henry James. The film is a rambling shaggy dog story about the sexual indignities that befall a winsome young American hippie woman hitchhiking through Europe.
Polanski returned to Hollywood in 1973 to direct Chinatown (1974) for Paramount Pictures. The film is widely considered to be one of the finest American mystery crime movies, inspired by the real-life California Water Wars, a series of disputes over southern California water at the beginning of the 20th century.
Polanski adapted Macbeth into a screenplay with the Shakespeare expert Kenneth Tynan. Jon Finch and Francesca Annis played the main characters. Hugh Hefner and Playboy Productions funded the 1971 film, which opened in New York and was screened in Playboy Theater. Hefner was credited as executive producer, and the film was listed as a “Playboy Production”. It was controversial because of Lady Macbeth’s being nude in a scene, and received an X rating because of its graphic violence and nudity. In his autobiography, Polanski wrote that he wanted to be true to the violent nature of the work, and that he had been aware that his first project following Tate’s murder would be subject to scrutiny and probable criticism regardless of the subject matter; if he had made a comedy he would have been perceived as callous.
A turning point in his life took place in 1969, when his pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, and four friends were brutally murdered by members of the Manson Family. Following her death, Polanski returned to Europe and eventually continued directing. He made Macbeth (1971) in England and back in Hollywood, Chinatown (1974), which was nominated for eleven Academy Awards. In 1977, Polanski was arrested and charged with drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl. He subsequently pled guilty to the lesser offence of unlawful sex with a minor. After spending 42 days undergoing psychiatric evaluation in prison in preparation for sentencing, Polanski, who had expected to be put on probation, fled to Paris after learning that the judge planned to reject his plea deal and impose a prison term. A number of other women have later accused Polanski of raping them when they were teenagers. He remains the subject of an Interpol red notice issued for his arrest, and therefore rarely leaves France. In 1989, Polanski married his current wife, French actress Emmanuelle Seigner. They have two children together.
On 9 August 1969, while Polanski was working in London, his wife, Sharon Tate, and four other people were murdered at the Polanskis’ residence in Los Angeles by cult leader Charles Manson’s followers.
In August 1969, while Polanski was in Europe working on a film, Tate was murdered along with four of their friends at their home in Los Angeles by members of Charles Manson’s “family”, a group of young, mostly female followers. Tate was pregnant at the time of her murder.
Manson, along with members of his “family”, was arrested in late 1969, and eventually tried and found guilty in 1971 of 27 counts, including first-degree murder, an event now called the Manson murders. Because at the time it was one of the most “horrific crimes in modern history,” the crime and trial of Manson and his followers became a media sensation, leading to movies, documentaries and bestselling books.
Polanski met Sharon Tate while making the film; she played the role of the local innkeeper’s daughter. They were married in London on 20 January 1968. Shortly after they married, Polanski, with Tate at his side during a documentary film, described the demands of young movie viewers who he said always wanted to see something “new” and “different”.
Paramount studio head Robert Evans brought Polanski to America ostensibly to direct the film Downhill Racer, but told Polanski that he really wanted him to read the horror novel Rosemary’s Baby by Ira Levin to see if a film could be made out of it. Polanski read it non-stop through the night and the following morning decided he wanted to write as well as direct it. He wrote the 272-page screenplay in slightly longer than three weeks. The film, Rosemary’s Baby (1968), was a box-office success and became his first Hollywood production, thereby establishing his reputation as a major commercial filmmaker. The film, a horror-thriller set in trendy Manhattan, is about Rosemary Woodhouse (Mia Farrow), a young housewife who is impregnated by the devil. Polanski’s screenplay adaptation earned him a second Academy Award nomination.
Polanski met rising actress Sharon Tate while filming The Fearless Vampire Killers, and during the production, the two of them began dating. On 20 January 1968, Polanski married Tate in London.
The Fearless Vampire Killers (1967) (known by its original title, “Dance of the Vampires” in most countries outside the United States) is a parody of vampire films. The plot concerns a buffoonish professor and his clumsy assistant, Alfred (played by Polanski), who are traveling through Transylvania in search of vampires. The Fearless Vampire Killers was Polanski’s first feature to be photographed in color with the use of Panavision lenses, and included a striking visual style with snow-covered, fairy-tale landscapes, similar to the work of Soviet fantasy filmmakers. In addition, the richly textured color schemes of the settings evoke the paintings of the Belarusian-Jewish artist Marc Chagall, who provides the namesake for the innkeeper in the film. The film was written for Jack MacGowran, who played the lead role of Professor Abronsius.
Cul-de-sac (1966) is a bleak nihilist tragicomedy filmed on location in Northumberland. The tone and premise of the film owe a great deal to Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot, along with aspects of Harold Pinter’s The Birthday Party.
Polanski made three feature films in England, based on original scripts written by himself and Gérard Brach, a frequent collaborator. Repulsion (1965) is a psychological horror film focusing on a young Belgian woman named Carol (Catherine Deneuve).
Polanski’s first feature-length film, Knife in the Water, was also one of the first significant Polish films after the Second World War that did not have a war theme. Scripted by Jerzy Skolimowski, Jakub Goldberg, and Polanski, Knife in the Water is about a wealthy, unhappily married couple who decide to take a mysterious hitchhiker with them on a weekend boating excursion. Knife in the Water was a major commercial success in the West and gave Polanski an international reputation. The film also earned its director his first Academy Award nomination (Best Foreign Language Film) in 1963. Leon Niemczyk, who played Andrzej, was the only professional actor in the film. Jolanta Umecka, who played Krystyna, was discovered by Polanski at a swimming pool.
Polanski left then-communist Poland and moved to France, where he had already made two notable short films in 1961: The Fat and the Lean and Mammals. While in France, Polanski contributed one segment (“La rivière de diamants”) to the French-produced omnibus film, Les plus belles escroqueries du monde (English title: The Beautiful Swindlers) in 1964. (He has since had the segment removed from all releases of the film.) However, Polanski found that in the early 1960s, the French film industry was xenophobic and generally unwilling to support a rising filmmaker of foreign origin.
Polanski’s first wife, Barbara Lass (née Kwiatkowska), was a Polish actress who also starred in Polanski’s 1959 When Angels Fall. The couple were married in 1959 and divorced in 1961.
Polanski attended the National Film School in Łódź, the third-largest city in Poland. In the 1950s, Polanski took up acting, appearing in Andrzej Wajda’s Pokolenie (A Generation, 1954) and in the same year in Silik Sternfeld’s Zaczarowany rower (Enchanted Bicycle or Magical Bicycle). Polanski’s directorial debut was also in 1955 with a short film Rower (Bicycle). Rower is a semi-autobiographical feature film, believed to be lost, which also starred Polanski. It refers to his real-life violent altercation with a notorious Kraków felon, Janusz Dziuba, who arranged to sell Polanski a bicycle, but instead beat him badly and stole his money. In real life, the offender was arrested while fleeing after fracturing Polanski’s skull, and executed for three murders, out of eight prior such assaults which he had committed. Several other short films made during his study at Łódź gained him considerable recognition, particularly Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958) and When Angels Fall (1959). He graduated in 1959.
The film’s themes, situations, visual motifs, and effects clearly reflect the influence of early surrealist cinema as well as horror movies of the 1950s—particularly Luis Buñuel’s Un chien Andalou, Jean Cocteau’s The Blood of a Poet, Henri-Georges Clouzot’s Diabolique and Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho.
He was above all influenced by Sir Carol Reed’s Odd Man Out (1947) – “I still consider it as one of the best movies I’ve ever seen and a film which made me want to pursue this career more than anything else … I always dreamt of doing things of this sort or that style. To a certain extent I must say that I somehow perpetuate the ideas of that movie in what I do.”
After the war, he was reunited with his father and moved back to Kraków. His father remarried 21 December 1946 to Wanda Zajączkowska (a woman Polanski had never liked) and died of cancer in 1984. Time repaired the family contacts; Polanski visited them in Kraków, and relatives visited him in Hollywood and Paris. Polanski recalls the villages and families he lived with as relatively primitive by European standards:
By the time the war ended in 1945, a fifth of the Polish population had been killed, with the vast majority of the victims being civilians. Of those deaths, 3 million were Polish Jews, which accounted for 90% of the country’s Jewish population. According to Sandford, Polanski would use the memory of his mother, her dress and makeup style, as a physical model for Faye Dunaway’s character in his film Chinatown (1974).
Polański escaped the Kraków Ghetto in 1943 and survived with the help of some Polish Roman Catholics, including a woman who had promised Polański’s father that she would shelter the boy. Polański attended church, learned to recite Catholic prayers by heart, and behaved outwardly as a Roman Catholic, although he was never baptized. His efforts to blend into a Catholic household failed miserably at least once, when the parish priest visiting the family posed questions to him one-on-one about the catechism, and ultimately said, “You aren’t one of us”. The punishment for helping a Jew in German-occupied Poland was death.
His Polish-Jewish parents moved the family back from Paris to Kraków in 1937. Two years later, Poland was invaded by Nazi Germany starting World War II and the Polanskis found themselves trapped in the Kraków Ghetto. After his mother and father were taken in raids, Polanski spent his formative years in foster homes under an adopted identity, trying to survive the Holocaust. Polanski’s first feature-length film, Knife in the Water (1962), was made in Poland and was nominated for a United States Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. He has since received five more Oscar nominations, along with two BAFTAs, four Césars, a Golden Globe Award and the Palme d’Or of the Cannes Film Festival in France. In the United Kingdom he directed three films, beginning with Repulsion (1965). In 1968, he moved to the United States and cemented his status by directing the horror film Rosemary’s Baby (1968).
The Polański family moved back to the Polish city of Kraków in early 1937, and were living there when World War II began with the invasion of Poland. Kraków was soon occupied by the German forces, and the racist and anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws made the Polańskis targets of persecution, forcing them into the Kraków Ghetto, along with thousands of the city’s Jews. Around the age of six, he attended primary school for only a few weeks, until “all the Jewish children were abruptly expelled,” writes biographer Christopher Sandford. That initiative was soon followed by the requirement that all Jewish children over the age of twelve wear white armbands with a blue Star of David imprinted for visual identification. After he was expelled, he would not be allowed to enter another classroom for the next six years. Polanski then witnessed both the ghettoization of Kraków’s Jews into a compact area of the city, and the subsequent deportation of all the ghetto’s Jews to German death camps. He watched as his father was taken away. He remembers from age six, one of his first experiences of the terrors to follow:
Roman Polański (/p ə ˈ l æ n s k i / pə-LAN -skee, Polish: [ˈrɔman pɔˈlaj̃skʲi] ( listen ) ; born 18 August 1933 in Paris; original name Raymond Thierry Liebling) is a Polish-French film director, producer, writer, and actor. Since 1978, Polanski has been a fugitive from the U.S. criminal justice system; he fled the country while awaiting sentencing in his sexual abuse case on charges of drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl and after pleading guilty to statutory rape.